Today, November 17, is World COPD Day.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is characterized by airway reatriction flow and inflammation of the bronchi (chronic bronchitis and emphysema). COPD affects 300 million people around the world. Unfortunately, Bulgaria ranks first in the EU in the number of patients with lung diseases. Data shows that 5-10% of the population of our country is affected.
🚨Risk factors are tobacco smoke, domestic and industrial air pollution, chemical agents.
😖Symptoms include chronic cough, mucus expectoration, difficulty breathing and wheezing in the chest.
📖 The term COPD was first used in 1965 by Dr. William Briscoe. In the past, doctors have used various terms such as “dirty” lungs and “volumetric lungs” to describe COPD. It is the third leading cause of premature death after coronary heart disease and stroke. In the past, COPD was considered a disease that mainly affects men, but now it affects both sexes alike, with studies even showing that women are 37% more susceptible. Only 1% of COPD cases are due to a genetic defect – lack of alpha1-antitrypsin.